Local Cuban bentonite clay: composition, structure and textural characterization

Pedro César Quero-Jiménez, Lester Alejandro Arias Felipe, Julio Omar Prieto García, María Elisa Jorge Rodríguez, Jorge Basilio de la Torre López, Osvaldo Norman Montenegro, Reinaldo Molina Ruíz, Inés Silvia Tiscornia


The physic and chemical characterization of the bentonite clay from the Chiqui Gómez deposit, central Cuba, (Cuban bentonite clay) shows that it is mainly constituted by sodium montmorillonite (>90%), with a structural formula for one-layer unit determined as (Na3.99Al0.01)(Al1.11Fe3+0.49Mg0.18Ti0.07)(Ca0.24Na0.15K0.01)O10(OH)2. The Cuban bentonite clay has a specific surface area of 80 m2g-1, a pore volume of about 0.0776 cm3g-1, 61% porosity and both N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms exhibit a hysteresis loop of IV type. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of the studied mineral presents the first endothermic peak, characteristic of montmorillonite, in 48.1 ºC and others less accentuated (80.8, 94.0, 119.8 ºC) characteristic of sodium montmorillonite, that corresponds to the loss of water, and can be extended up to 250 ºC. The FT-IR spectra show the existence of Si-OH, Al-Al-OH, Al-Fe-OH, Al-Mg-OH and Si-O-Si functional groups in all clay samples, bands between 1,120 and 461 cm-1 correspond to phyllosilicate structures and OH stretching vibrations were observed. pH at the point of zero charge (pHPZC) obtained has a value of 8.1, which allows montmorillonite to be classified as basic.


Cuban bentonite clays; Montmorillonite; Characterization

How to cite this article Quero-Jiménez, P.; Arias Felipe, L.; Prieto García, J.; Jorge Rodríguez, M.; de la Torre López, J.; Montenegro, O.; Molina Ruíz, R.; Tiscornia, I. 2021, Local Cuban bentonite clay: composition, structure and textural characterization. Andean Geology 48 (3) : 546-556. [doi:]