The Nico Pérez terrane (Uruguay) and its archean and paleoproterozoic inheritance

Leda Sanchez Bettucci, Umberto Giuseppe Cordani, Judith Loureiro, Elena Peel, Santiago Fort, Kei Sato


A U-Pb SHRIMP zircon geochronological study was carried out in the Nico Pérez Terrane in the central-eastern portion of Uruguay with the aim of constraining its geological evolution and its cratonic affinity. Nico Pérez Terrane is made up by a mosaic of tectonic blocks with diferente lithologies and sizes. This terrane is limited to the west by the Piedra Alta Terrane through the Sarandí del Yí shear zone, and to the east, is in tectonic contact through the Retamosa thrust with the Dom Feliciano Belt (Brasiliano orogenic cycle). Lithologically, the Nico Pérez Terrane is composed by medium to high grade metamorphic rock contained in three tectonic blocks (Pavas, Valentines and Rivera blocks) represented mainly by granitoids, as well as ortho and parametamorphic rocks, such as amphibolites, metapyroxenites, BIFs, schists, quartzites with fuchsite, among others. Archean inheritance, Rhyacian, Statherian, and Neoproterozoic magmatic ages are reported here. Similar ages, which show Archaean inheritance and Neoproterozoic imprint, reported in units of the Piedra Alta Terrane modify the idea that the Río de La Plata Craton only corresponds to a juvenile Paleoproterozoic tectonic unit. This, together with recently published geophysical information, supports the cratonic affinity of the Nico Pérez Terrane with the Río de La Plata Craton.


Nico Pérez Terrane; Río de La Plata Craton; Archean inliers; U-Pb SHRIMP zircon ages

How to cite this article Sanchez Bettucci, L.; Cordani, U.; Loureiro, J.; Peel, E.; Fort, S.; Sato, K. 2021, The Nico Pérez terrane (Uruguay) and its archean and paleoproterozoic inheritance. Andean Geology 48 (3) : 442-471. [doi:]