DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV48n2-3337

The first Peruvian record of Enchodus (Actinopterygii, Aulopiformes, Enchodontidae) in the Upper Cretaceous Vivian Formation

Soledad Gouiric-Cavalli, Alberto L. Cione, David E. Tineo, Leandro M. Pérez, Martín Iribarne, Miguel A. Allcca Torres, Daniel G. Poiré

Abstract


We describe isolated teleostean teeth found in no association with the jaw bone. The specimens have been recovered in Late Cretaceous marine deposits of the Vivian Formation in the Peruvian Sub-Andean Region. The deposition sequence from where the teeth come is interpreted as a shallowing-upward sequence of low salinity. The fish material is identified as Enchodus aff. E. gladiolus based on the presence of a small but well-developed post-apical barb, an anterior cutting edge, the crown is symmetrical in cross-section, have a sigmoidal profile, and bears strong ridges (=striations). The Peruvian material differs from the typical E. gladiolus teeth in having a faintly serrated anterior cutting edge which is absent in most specimens referred to E. gladiolus. We also highlight that taxonomic assignments made based on isolated teeth must be taken with care. Despite scarce, the material recovered denotes that the marine units of Peru can give valuable information about the Pacific fish fauna during the Late Cretaceous.

Keywords


Fishes; Actinopterygii; Peruvian Sub-Andean Region; South America

How to cite this article Gouiric-Cavalli, S.; Cione, A.; Tineo, D.; Pérez, L.; Iribarne, M.; Allcca Torres, M.; Poiré, D. 2021, The first Peruvian record of Enchodus (Actinopterygii, Aulopiformes, Enchodontidae) in the Upper Cretaceous Vivian Formation. Andean Geology 48 (2): 303-315. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV48n2-3337]