DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV48n2-3332

Magnetic fabric of the Parashi stock and related dyke swarm, Alta Guajira (Colombia): The Caribbean-South American plates oblique convergence

Camilo Bustamante, Carlos J. Archanjo, Agustin Cardona, Marcela Restrepo

Abstract


Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) and anhysteretic remanence (AAR) were used to evaluate the emplacement history of the Parashi stock and related dyke swarm situated in NW Colombia. The average magnetic susceptibility of 4.5×10-2 SI, in conjunction with low-coercivity components provided by the isothermal remanence and thermomagnetic curves with net Verwey and Curie transitions, indicates that multidomain magnetite records the anisotropy directions. The similar orientation and shape of the AMS and AAR ellipsoids indicate the absence of very fine magnetite with an inverse fabric. The magnetic foliation is the best-defined fabric element in these rocks and outlines a concentric structure, elongated parallel to the NE-SW direction of the pluton. Crystallisation age of the stock and dykes (51-47 Ma), along with pressure of emplacement determination indicate that the stock and the dyke swarm probably formed simultaneously, and they were emplaced in the shallow crust (<10 km). The magnetic fabric agrees with emplacement in a transtensional setting, with the dyke swarm infilling tensional cracks formed during the final stages of pluton crystallisation. This tectonic setting likely records the difficulty of the thick oceanic crust subducting, which would result in general transtension in the overriding continental plate and cessation of arc magmatism in the Eocene.

Keywords


AMS; Petrofabric; Pluton emplacement; Parashi stock; Caribbean plate

How to cite this article Bustamante, C.; Archanjo, C.; Cardona, A.; Restrepo, M. 2021, Magnetic fabric of the Parashi stock and related dyke swarm, Alta Guajira (Colombia): The Caribbean-South American plates oblique convergence. Andean Geology 48 (2): 219-236. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV48n2-3332]