DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV48n2-3287

Stratigraphy, paleoenvironment and correlation of the Upper Paleozoic at Río Francia locality, Paganzo Basin, Argentina

Gustavo Correa, Pedro Raúl Gutiérrez

Abstract


The Tupe and Patquía formations are known for their marine, deltaic, river, and eolian deposits that record different Late Paleozoic events in the Paganzo Basin. However, in the area of the Río Francia (Province of San Juan, Argentina), these units are relevant because they are located in a strategic place of connection with the southernmost sedimentary sequences in the Paganzo Basin on the Central Precordillera. The Tupe Formation (which by palynological data would represent the late Serpukhovian-Gzhelian interval) has a minimum thickness of 140 m of bioturbed mudstones with a minor percentage of coarse to fine sandstones intercalated. In this work they are grouped into 3 facies associations: I lagoon; II barrier island and III shoreface. The Patquía Formation (from palynological data, in this locality, of Cisuralian in age), it is a typical succession of red beds with deposits of fine -grained sandstones with cross-bedding, and alternation of sandstones with mudstones. 3 facies associations were differentiated: IV anastomosed fluvial; V eolian and VI playa lake. A correlation analysis between these formations and their lithostratigraphic equivalents provided possible scenarios for the western sector of the Paganzo Basin, showing a lineament of units with coastal environment features for the Tupe Formation and equivalents at these latitudes. On the other hand, the Patquía Formation and their equivalents display a progressive continentalization from north to south.

Keywords


Tupe Formation; Patquía Formation; Paganzo Basin; Precordillera; Paleogeography

How to cite this article Correa, G.; Gutiérrez, P. 2021, Stratigraphy, paleoenvironment and correlation of the Upper Paleozoic at Río Francia locality, Paganzo Basin, Argentina. Andean Geology 48 (2): 316-332. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV48n2-3287]