DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV47n3-3271

Conodont biostratigraphy and correlation of the San Juan Formation at the Cerro La Silla section, middle Tremadocian-lower Dapingian, Central Precordillera, Argentina

Matías J. Mango, Guillermo L. Albanesi

Abstract


This study deals with the conodont biostratigraphy from the uppermost part of La Silla Formation (9.6 m) and the overlying San Juan Formation (264.7 m), at the Cerro La Silla section, Central Precordillera of San Juan, Argentina. The 41 samples of carbonate rocks that were digested for microfossils yielded 11,388 conodont elements corresponding to 78 species. The Paltodus deltifer deltifer Subzone of the Paltodus deltifer Zone from the Baltic biostratigraphic scheme is represented at the top stratum of the La Silla Formation and the basal part of the San Juan Formation (28.4 m), which correlates with the Macerodus dianae Zone (middle Tremadocian) of the Precordilleran and North American schemes. Following upwards, the Paroistodus proteus, Prioniodus elegans, Oepikodus evae, Oepikodus intermedius and Baltoniodus triangularis-Tripodus laevis zones (middle Tremadocian-lower Dapingian) are recorded in the San Juan Formation. The Baltoniodus triangularis-Tripodus laevis Zone is recognized from the second reef level (177.3 m from the base of the San Juan Formation) up to the top stratum in the section, in contrast to previous interpretations that assigned the referred interval to the Baltoniodus navis, Paroistodus originalis and Microzarkodina parva zones of the Baltic biostratigraphic scheme. The division of the Oepikodus evae Zone in subzones, according to its original definition for the Precordillera, is not applicable at the Cerro La Silla section due to the particular species distribution. The conodont elements show a brown alteration color (CAI 2-2.5), which indicates a burial paleotemperature of 60-155°C for the bearer strata.

Keywords


Biostratigraphy; Conodonts; San Juan Formation; Cerro La Silla; Ordovician; Precordillera

How to cite this article Mango, M.; Albanesi, G. 2020, Conodont biostratigraphy and correlation of the San Juan Formation at the Cerro La Silla section, middle Tremadocian-lower Dapingian, Central Precordillera, Argentina. Andean Geology 47 (3): 577-598. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV47n3-3271]