DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV47n2-3231

Paleoclimatic inferences for the late Miocene of the Angastaco Basin based on the foliar physiognomic analysis: Palo Pintado Formation, Salta, Argentina

Juan M. Robledo, Maricel Y. Horn, Claudia I. Galli, Luisa M. Anzótegui

Abstract


The continental sedimentary rocks that constitute the Palo Pintado Formation of the late Miocene from Salta province, presents a great paleoclimatic interest due to the environmental conditions prevailing during this geochronologic interval. The geological and paleobotanical data suggest that during the sedimentary rocks accumulation of the Palo Pintado Formation (Angastaco Basin), wetter conditions would have existed comparing with other nearby and contemporary Formations, for example the Playa del Zorro Aloformation (late Miocene of Catamarca) and the Chiquimil (late Miocene of Tucumán), Salicas and the Toro Negro Formations (both from the late Miocene of La Rioja). In this study, the margin and the foliar area of the leaves contained on rocks from the Palo Pintado Formation are analyzed, in order to obtain the mean annual temperature (MAT) and the mean annual precipitation (MAP). The resulting values were: 23.98 °C and 330.8 mm. These results are coincident by the interpretation of different authors, who consider that the Palo Pintado Formation would have been deposited under a relatively humid environment, possibly as a consequence of the rains that affected locally the Angastaco basin región.

Keywords


Neogene; Paleoclimate; Northwestern Argentina; Late Miocene; Salta Province

How to cite this article Robledo, J.; Horn, M.; Galli, C.; Anzótegui, L. 2020, Paleoclimatic inferences for the late Miocene of the Angastaco Basin based on the foliar physiognomic analysis: Palo Pintado Formation, Salta, Argentina. Andean Geology 47 (2): 418-429. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV47n2-3231]