DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV47n1-3193

Sedimentology and ichnology of a river-dominated delta, Lajas Formation (Middle Jurassic), Neuquén basin, Argentina

Nerina Canale, Juan José Ponce, Noelia B. Carmona, Martín N. Parada, Daniel I. Drittanti

Abstract


Sedimentologic and ichnologic analysis of the Middle Jurassic Lajas Formation in Bajada de Los Molles area allow recognizing upper offshore-lower shoreface deposits in transition to prodelta, delta front and interdistributary bay succesions. This system is classified as a river-dominated delta due to the presence of distributary channel deposits with huge amounts of particulate organic matter and low diversity and abundance of trace fossils. Hyperpycnites are common in the basal and upper part of the studied section, and form channel-levee and distributary-channel systems, integrated by massive sandstones and load deformation structures, or transitional and recurrent passages of tractive sedimentary structures with abundant particulate organic matter on the foresets. The greatest diversity and abundance of trace fossils are recognized in the upper offshore-lower shoreface deposits where Skolithos and Cruziana ichnofacies occur. Deltaic deposits show trace fossil associations with lower diversity and abundance than the fully marine ones, whereas the hyperpycnite deposits are either unbioturbated or show the lowest diversity and abundance of trace fossils, reflecting the most stressed conditions within the system.

Keywords


Retroarc basin; River-dominated delta; Trace fossil; Hyperpycnites

How to cite this article Canale, N.; Ponce, J.; Carmona, N.; Parada, M.; Drittanti, D. 2020, Sedimentology and ichnology of a river-dominated delta, Lajas Formation (Middle Jurassic), Neuquén basin, Argentina. Andean Geology 47 (1): 179-206. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV47n1-3193]