DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV43n2-a05

Temporal seismic wave velocity variations at Láscar volcano

Diego M. González, Klaus Bataille, Tom Eulenfeld, Luis E. Franco

Abstract


We report on the first study using Seismic Wave Interferometry to determine variations of seismic velocities through time, in the vicinity of Láscar volcano in Chile. Seismic Wave Interferometry has been used as a powerful tool to determine spatial and temporal changes of seismic velocities within the Earth. Spatial variations of seismic velocities are related to heterogeneities of material properties, which are expected to occur in a complex structure. However, temporal changes are indicative of dynamic process within the elastic media, and thus, this tool can be used to monitor dynamic processes at volcanic zones. We find consistent variations on three stations close to the volcano, with dv/v of ±0.6%, most likely related to the inflation/deflation process due to fluid movement of magmatic or hydrothermal origin within the volcanic structure. During the observed period of velocity variation, OVDAS reported an increase of volcanic activity evidenced by the increase of the number of long period seismic events, increase of gas emissions and the formation of incandescence above the crater. We suggest that this tool can contribute to the understanding of volcano related dynamic processes, as well as for routine volcano monitoring purposes.

Keywords


Seismic Wave Interferometry; Seismic Ambient Noise; Velocity variations; Láscar volcano

How to cite this article González, D.; Bataille, K.; Eulenfeld, T.; Franco, L. 2016, Temporal seismic wave velocity variations at Láscar volcano. Andean Geology 43 (2): 240-246. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV43n2-a05]